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Pola Pembinaan Pustakawan Swasta

A. Pembinaan

Dalam Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (ed 3, 2012) pada entri bina, terdapat kata turunan membina diartikan sebagai mengusahakan supaya lebih baik (maju). Pada UU no 43 tahun 2007 maupun Peraturan Pemerintah no 24 tahun 2014 tidak ditemukan arti kata pembinaan. Di segi lain, dalam sebuah pertemuan dengan Arsiparis disebutkan bahwa membina artinya membantu pengembangan dan peningkatan sumber daya manusia (SDM), sistem, manajemen dll.

Bila membina yang diartikan Perpustakaan Nasional RI (selanjutnya disingkat Perpusnas) mirip dengan penafsiran Arsiparis tadi, maka Perpusnas bertugas meningkatkan dan memperbaiki SDM, sistem, manajemen, operasional perpustakaan, mengembangkan standar dll. Karena sifatnya membina, maka yang dibina ialah (more…)

Teknologi dan Keterbukaan Informasi dalam Konteks Perpustakaan Digital di Indonesia : Dampaknya dalam Kaitannya dengan Etika Informasi

1. Pendahuluan

Bila dilihat dari segi teknologi, maka keberadaan perpustakaan digital dikaitkan dengan teknologi informasi (TI) yang bertautan dengan internet dan world wide web (WWW). Perpustakaan digital di Indonesia mulai sekitar 1990an bersamaan dengan munculnya internet di Indonesia, dipelopori antara lain oleh Ganesha Digital Library (GDL) di ITB.

Perpustakaan digital di Indonesia lazimnya dimulai di lingkungan perpustakaan perguruan tinggi dan khusus, sementara jenis perpustakaan lain 9perpustakaan umum dan sekolah) jauh tertinggal. Maka makalah ini membahas eksistensi perpustakaan digital di lingkungan perpustakaan perguruan tinggi dengan berbagai masalah yang timbul darinya, terutama masalah yang berkaitan dengan masalah etika.

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Sertifikasi Pustakawan

Pendahuluan

Sertifikat yang diserap dalam Bahasa Indonesia berasal dari bahasa Latin Pertengahan certificatum, bahasa Latin Akhir certificatus artinya memperkuat, menandai. Sertifikasi artinya penyertifikasian atau pemberian sertifikat Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, ed 4, 2010).

Menyangkut pustakawan, sertifikasi disebutkan dalam beberapa produk perundang-undangan walaupun tidak langsung seperti UU Nomor 43 Tahun 2007 tentang Perpustakaan, Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 24 Tahun 2014 tentang pelaksanaan UU Nomor 43 Tahun 2007 tentang Perpustakaan, keputusan Kepala Perpustakaan Nasional RI.

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A Study of the Curriculum of Indonesia’s Existing Five Graduate LIS Programs

Abstracts

Although the library education in Indonesia has been in existence  since 1952, the  formal division of academic and vocational program for librarian just begin in 1987 when the government issued a decree on the vocational (then called diploma program ) and academic program. The academic program consist  of undergraduate, graduate and doctorate  programs. The 1987 decree marked the differences from the previous educational system inherited from the Dutch system and has been  operated for decades. The Dutch-inherited-educational system consist of   Sardjana Muda program  (a three years course after senior high school), Sarjana (five years studying after senior high school) and direct to doctorate program.  Prior to 1987 decree, there are known about  7 institutions which produced Sarjana holders and the opinion of that time is that Sarjana degree is more or less than bachelors’ degree, in Anglo-Saxon context,  hence it is  necessary to open graduate program or Pascasarjana (in Bahasa Indonesia). Based on the  1987 government decree, the  University of Indonesia established the nation’s first graduate program in library and information science in 1990,  followed by University of   Padjadjaran (in Bandung, West Java) in 2003, Gadjah Mada University (Yogyakarta) in 2003,  Bogor  Agricultural University (in Bogor, West Java) in 2006 and Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University (Yogyakarta) in 2008.. Before 2000, the operation of graduate programs is conducted by School of Graduate Studies, but afterward the operations was  transferred to the related  departments of the faculty (for example LIS department at the University of Indonesia is under  the supervision of the  Faculty of Humanities, University of Padjadjaran under Faculty of Communication, Bogor Agricultural University under School of Mathematics and Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada under Faculty of Humanities and  Sunan Kalijaga under Faculty of Adab  (whch means in Arabic  civilization, it means Humanities). A survey was conducted on the curriculum LIS  graduate programs.The methods used are inspecting the  available documents such as brochures, reports,etc., web  site visits, physical visits  to each program, interviews with the department head and personal communication with the concerning parties. The survey found that only three  courses are similar that are Research methods,  Seminar on research proposals and Theses;  between two or three courses  have the same component although different names, while the others are totally different. The differences are caused by the  different Faculties  which supervise the programs, for example at Bogor Agricultural University the program are operated by the Department of Computer Science hence their courses and theses  stress on technological aspects,  University of Padjadjaran under the Department of Communication  caused the research topics mainly on communication, or communication-related-topics  while at Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University under the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies which indirectly influenced the theses should be directly or indirectly to Islam,; while  the programs  at the University of Indonesia and Gadjah Mada University although under the Faculty of Humanities, there are differences  caused by the different background of the lecturers and the different approaches toward LIS It is suggested that there should be a consortia consists of those five graduate programs resembling the LIS undergraduate consortium established in 2012, the possibility of developing a nation-wide-compulsory courses for graduate programs with the credit hours as minimum as possible so that the operator could developed the other courses to adjust to the unique institutions’ vision and mission and  also iti is suggested that there are regular meetings among the operators.

Keywords: Indonesia, Library education, Library and information science, Graduate program

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