Home » Posts tagged 'Ilmu Perpustakaan'

Tag Archives: Ilmu Perpustakaan

A Study of the Curriculum of Indonesia’s Existing Five Graduate LIS Programs

Abstracts

Although the library education in Indonesia has been in existence  since 1952, the  formal division of academic and vocational program for librarian just begin in 1987 when the government issued a decree on the vocational (then called diploma program ) and academic program. The academic program consist  of undergraduate, graduate and doctorate  programs. The 1987 decree marked the differences from the previous educational system inherited from the Dutch system and has been  operated for decades. The Dutch-inherited-educational system consist of   Sardjana Muda program  (a three years course after senior high school), Sarjana (five years studying after senior high school) and direct to doctorate program.  Prior to 1987 decree, there are known about  7 institutions which produced Sarjana holders and the opinion of that time is that Sarjana degree is more or less than bachelors’ degree, in Anglo-Saxon context,  hence it is  necessary to open graduate program or Pascasarjana (in Bahasa Indonesia). Based on the  1987 government decree, the  University of Indonesia established the nation’s first graduate program in library and information science in 1990,  followed by University of   Padjadjaran (in Bandung, West Java) in 2003, Gadjah Mada University (Yogyakarta) in 2003,  Bogor  Agricultural University (in Bogor, West Java) in 2006 and Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University (Yogyakarta) in 2008.. Before 2000, the operation of graduate programs is conducted by School of Graduate Studies, but afterward the operations was  transferred to the related  departments of the faculty (for example LIS department at the University of Indonesia is under  the supervision of the  Faculty of Humanities, University of Padjadjaran under Faculty of Communication, Bogor Agricultural University under School of Mathematics and Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada under Faculty of Humanities and  Sunan Kalijaga under Faculty of Adab  (whch means in Arabic  civilization, it means Humanities). A survey was conducted on the curriculum LIS  graduate programs.The methods used are inspecting the  available documents such as brochures, reports,etc., web  site visits, physical visits  to each program, interviews with the department head and personal communication with the concerning parties. The survey found that only three  courses are similar that are Research methods,  Seminar on research proposals and Theses;  between two or three courses  have the same component although different names, while the others are totally different. The differences are caused by the  different Faculties  which supervise the programs, for example at Bogor Agricultural University the program are operated by the Department of Computer Science hence their courses and theses  stress on technological aspects,  University of Padjadjaran under the Department of Communication  caused the research topics mainly on communication, or communication-related-topics  while at Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University under the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies which indirectly influenced the theses should be directly or indirectly to Islam,; while  the programs  at the University of Indonesia and Gadjah Mada University although under the Faculty of Humanities, there are differences  caused by the different background of the lecturers and the different approaches toward LIS It is suggested that there should be a consortia consists of those five graduate programs resembling the LIS undergraduate consortium established in 2012, the possibility of developing a nation-wide-compulsory courses for graduate programs with the credit hours as minimum as possible so that the operator could developed the other courses to adjust to the unique institutions’ vision and mission and  also iti is suggested that there are regular meetings among the operators.

Keywords: Indonesia, Library education, Library and information science, Graduate program

(more…)

Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi : Perkembangan dan Tantangannya di Indonesia

Pendahuluan

Dalam makalah ini, tidak didefinisikan pengertian Ilmu Perpustakaan (Library Science)  atau pun Imu Perpustakaan dan Informasi (IP&I) atau Library and Information Science (LIS) dengan pertimbangan bahwa para hadirin sudah memahami  cakupan, objek material dan formal kedua ranah tersebut. Juga singkatan IP&I dalam makalah ini dianggap sinonim dengan LIS.

Pendidikan pustakawan

Sampai saat ini belum ditemukan literatur yang membahas pendidikan tenaga perpustakaan sebelum tahun 1952. Bila memeriksa organisasi perpustakan yang berdiri pada tahun 1916 yaitu Vereenigde tot Bevordering van het Bibliotheekwezen in Nederlandsch-Indie, tidak ada uraian mengenai latar belakang tenaga pustakawan.

a. Periode  1952-1961: Kursus di bawah Kementerian P.P.K.

Perpustakaan modern pertama yang berdiri di Indonesia adalah perpustakaan Batavaiasch Genootschap van Kunsten en  Wetenschapen, kelak koleksinya merupakan koleksi inti Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia. Pendirian berbagai perpustakaan di Indonesia, terutama perpustakaan khusus di Hindia Belanda tidak diimbangi dengan penyediaan tenaga perpustakaan. Tenaga yang ada adalah tenaga otodidak, banyak yang berasal dari bidang lain.

Perkembangan Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi (selanjutnya disingkat IP&I) dimulai dengan pembukaan Kursus Pendidikan Pegawai Perpustakaan oleh Biro Perpustakaan Kementerian Pendidikan, Pengadjarand an Kebudayaan pada tanggal 15 Oktober 1952. Peresmian dilselenggarakan di Perpustakaan Sejarah dan Politik di Merdeka Selatan 11, Jakarta pada tanggal 20 Oktober 1952. Dari tanggal  diklaim sebagai usia Departemen Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi Fakultas Ilmu pengetahuan Budaya Universitas Indonesia.

Kursus Pendidikan Pegawai Perpustakaan menerima tenaga yang sudah bekerja di perpustakaan dengan syarat lulusan SMA. Kursus direncanakan semula 1 tahun, kemudian 1,5 tahun,lalu 2 tahun, selanjutnya 2,5 tahun. Nama kursus pun berubah menjadi Kursus Pendidikan Ahli Perpustakaan (1955) , dan pada tahun 1959 berubah menjadi Sekolah Perpustakaan dengan lama pendidikan 3 tahun.

Kurikulum menekankan pada ketrampilan yang diperlukan untuk bekerja di  semua jenis perpustakaan. Yang dominan ialah mata (more…)

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 4,794 other followers